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Different Types of Hearing Tests and Assessments

Posted On: July 13, 2023

Hearing loss is a common condition that affects people of all ages. Whether it is due to age, genetics, exposure to loud noises, or other factors/medical conditions, it is important to identify and address hearing issues early. . That’s where hearing tests and assessments come into play. These tests are designed to evaluate a person’s hearing abilities and determine the appropriate course of action for treatment. In this article, we will explore some of the different types of hearing tests and assessments available.

Pure-Tone Audiometry

This is the most common type of hearing test. It involves wearing headphones or insert phones (earplugs) and listening to a series of tones at different frequencies and volumes. The individual indicates when they can hear the tones, and the results are plotted on an audiogram. This test helps determine the type and severity of hearing loss and can be tailored to suit the individuals age and cognitive abilities

Speech Audiometry

This test evaluates a person’s ability to hear and understand speech. It may involve listening to words or sentences at different volumes and repeating them.. Speech audiometry helps assess the individual’s speech discrimination abilities and can provide valuable information about their overall hearing function in a real world sense


This test measures the movement of the eardrum in response to changes in air pressure. It helps identify problems with the middle ear, such as fluid, eardrum perforation, or other issues with the eardrum and middle ear. Tympanometry is particularly useful in diagnosing a conductive hearing loss.

Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) Test

This test measures sounds generated by the inner ear in response to a stimulus. It assesses the functionality of the cochlea, the sensory organ responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals. OAE testing is commonly used for newborn hearing screenings and can help detect early signs of hearing loss.

Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) Test

This test measures the electrical activity in the auditory nerve and brainstem in response to sounds. It is often used to evaluate hearing in infants and young children who are unable to respond reliably to traditional behavioural hearing tests. ABR testing can help determine the presence of hearing loss in young children and identify potential causes.

Once the hearing test is completed, the results are interpreted by an audiologist If hearing loss is detected, appropriate treatment options are recommended. These may include referral for further medical investigation, hearing aids, cochlear implants, assistive listening devices, or other interventions based on the individual’s specific needs.

For individuals in the Gippsland area, seeking a hearing test and treatment, it is advisable to consult with local hearing healthcare providers. They offer comprehensive hearing assessments and personalised treatment plans to address hearing concerns effectively. 

Hearing tests and assessments play a crucial role in identifying hearing loss and determining appropriate treatment options.  Pure-tone audiometry, these evaluations provide valuable insights into an individual’s hearing abilities. If you have any hearing difficulties, it is important to seek professional help and undergo the necessary tests to address the issue promptly. Remember, early detection and intervention can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with hearing loss.